What Is the Basic Format of a Dissertation?

Compiling research many days and nights into some number of ages in dissertation form is very difficult. But you are not alone in this scenario and can do it effectively by focusing on some standards. J. S. Graustein wrote in his book “ How to Write  an Exceptional Thesis OR Dissertation.”

According to the National Center for Education, 625,023 students earned a master’s degree during the 2007 to 2008 academic year. In the same year, 63712 students earned their doctoral degrees. This shows that many students face yearly hazards in writing their formats for using thesis writing papers and have questions like How do you write a thesis and dissertation paper?

In this article, we will explore the fundamental structural components of a standard dissertation. At the same time, you must follow all the instructions and guidelines from your institute. Here we will discuss every step of the basic format of a Dissertation in detail to guide you in writing your high-end dissertation. So let’s start:

1. Title

The title is the main thing that attracts your reader towards your research paper. It’s helpful to give your dissertation a title early on as it reminds you of your argument and what you want to demonstrate to the reader. It should be almost 10 words. But these limited words have to write wisely and carefully.

According to Westminster University, the library guide suggests that a good dissertation title should be:

  • Descriptive and explanatory rather than general and precise.
  • Include central components/aspects of the research strategy, such as the situated nature, population, and methodology.
  • To avoid confusion, it’s best to avoid using abbreviations and acronyms.
  • Divide it into two parts separated by a colon: a general area and a specific focus within that area.

2. Abstract

In paper format for writing a dissertation paper, when writing an abstract, it’s helpful to break it down into main points. For your first draft, spend a few minutes on each of the six steps, writing only one or two sentences for each.

  • Rationale: In writing the abstract, the first step is to provide a rationale for your research.
  • Query: Next, write about the question you will explain in your research paper.
  • Methodology: Summarise your methods and evidence using keywords.
  • Outcomes: In this section, tell about the final results, and summarise your findings.
  • Conclusion: The conclusion should align with your rationale and research question. Ask yourself what the results mean.
  • The implication of your research: Explain why your results are essential to the field and how they can be helpful. Specify what is significant about your work.

3. Introduction

While writing the introduction of your dissertation, it is highly recommended to write a literature review first and then move towards an introduction. It is recommended that

  • Narrowing down your topic
  • Identifies your research question.

A decisive research question should be narrow, specific, original, and answerable with your data or research.  In your Introduction, you should explain the purpose and significance of your study, answering the question,

  • What is your topic?
  • Why are you doing your research on this topic?
  • Who Cares about it?”

So, you have to explore the importance of your topic in your field, the researchers or organisations working on similar issues, the people affected by your research, and how your study will contribute to the field.

  • Theoretical perspective

You should also briefly overview your theoretical perspective or conceptual framework and explain why you chose your specific approach for the study.

  • Preview the Literature Review

Additionally, you can preview the Literature Review by paraphrasing the part demonstrating how your research fills a gap in the literature or contributes something new to the field.

  • Make sure to clearly state your research question and hypothesis/objectives in the introduction.
  • Finally, you can orient the reader to the organisation of your Format of a Dissertation by summarising what will be discussed in each chapter is one of the good rules of dissertation writing help.

4. Literature Review

A literature review summarises significant writings and other sources related to a specific topic. It may cover government reports, books, websites, scholarly journal articles and other relevant sources. This review offers a description, summary, and evaluation of each source and is often presented as a separate section of a graduate thesis or in the format of a dissertation.

The objective of the literature  review

  • The LItarure review describes relationships between sources
  • It will highlight research gaps
  • Also, suggest directions for future research.
  • Provide a critical written account of the research on a selected topic.
  • It serves to identify areas of previous scholarship and provide context for each source’s contribution to the subject.

How to write a literature review

According to the University of California, creating a literature review involves steps:

  • Defining your subject and scope of the review
  • Searching relevant sources using library catalogues and databases
  • Read carefully all the notes that you made after your research.
  • Analyse your note and make an outline of all your work.
  • Interpreting and discussing your findings and conclusions
  • Write your literature review, revise and edit it
  • Add this writing to your draft dissertation paper.

5. Methodology

Birks and Mills defined methodology in 2011 as

“A set of principles and ideas that inform the design of a research study.”

The steps are as follows:

  • Describe the methods you used in your research, either qualitative or qualitative,
  • Including the instruments and any analysis you performed.
  • It would also be helpful to provide background information.
  • Write about the sampling procedure.
  • How are the participants in your research?
  • Additionally, address any limitations in your research, including inclusion and exclusion criteria.
  • What are you doing first? Second, as, write your methodology procedure in steps.
  • What are the ethical considerations you are considering while applying methodology?

6. Results

By Michael P. Dosch CRNA PhD, May 2022

“Results is a small section in which you write about your findings and outcomes.”

And Bahadoran, 2019  explain as

The Stages of writing results are:

  • Review your research questions thoroughly.
  • Craft an introduction that provides an overview of your research.
  • Present the demographic data of the sample you studied.
  • Analyze the composite measures and the shape of the data.
  • Provide descriptive statistics that elaborate on the findings.
  • Present the inferential statistics showcasing the results’ significance.

Michael P. Dosch makes a table to present the outcomes


Variable Control n = 45 Heat & moisture exchanger n=49 Probability
Age years1 32.7 + 3.5 36.3 + 2.7 .08
Height m1 1.72 + 0.6 1.67 + 0.8 NS
Weight kg1 76.6 + 12.8 72.3 + 16.2 NS
Gender (number of males)2 21 26 NS
ASA Physical Status3 2 + 1 2 + 1 NS
OR room temperature (C)1 21.1 + 3.6 20.6 + 2.9 NS


In the basic format of dissertation you have to explain the importance of your work. Discuss the inclusion and exclusion criteria of your research paper and suggest areas for further research. In 2019, Asghar Ghasemi explained the organisation of the discussion section into three parts

  • Start

To start your research paper, the opening sentence of the first paragraph should highlight the significance of your findings. Additionally, the paragraph can answer any research questions proposed in the introduction.

  • Middle

Moving on to the middle section should cover the analysis of your results to support your answers and discuss your study’s strengths and limitations. You can also include an up-to-date literature review that supports your findings.

  • End

Finally, the end of your paper should provide a conclusion summarising the study and highlighting your research’s importance.


After discussion, move towards writing the “Conclusion”, in which you should summarise your project. This should remind the reader of your study’s background, objectives, and how you achieved them. It is essential to avoid adding new information that has not been previously discussed and only focus on all those points from the introduction to your final outcomes to write. Here are some steps to be followed:

Please follow these steps to effectively present your research findings:

  1. Start your conclusion by restating your research topic.
  2. Next, reiterate your thesis statement.
  3. Provide a summary of the main points discussed in your whole research work.
  4. Highlight the significance of your findings or state the results.
  5. Finally, conclude your research by sharing your thoughts.


A reference is a brief notation that points to a title included in the bibliography. It is closely tied to a quote in both content and format.

The “References” section should include a list of all sources cited in your format of a Dissertation. Ensure that you are consistent and follow the conventions of your chosen referencing system. Note that you should only include books that have been cited in your dissertation.


Finally, the “Appendices” section should include any additional information your reader may find helpful. Examples of materials that may be included in the appendices are detailed data tables (summarised in your results section) and complete versions of documents you have used in your research. Furthermore, these are footnotes, graphics, and interview questionnaires.


This is all about the procedure for writing a dissertation in a specific format. Students were confused about “How do I write a master’s dissertation”. The answer to this question lies in the above points and discussion. Suppose you still cannot understand the Format of a Dissertation and get rid of this hectic dissertation writing process.

In that case, you can move towards the best Best Dissertation Help from the most reliable and trustworthy academic writing partner, like The academic paper.  They will tailor your dissertation to your requirements and the institute’s instructions.

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